What is the Census?
Its origins are in the Constitution of the United States of America. Article 1, Section 2, of the Constitution requires that a census be taken every 10 years for the purpose of apportioning the United States House of Representatives. It was first taken in 1790, and has been conducted every 10 years since.
Census data is used for:
- Determining the number of Congressional seats appropriated to each state
- Congressional District boundaries
- Texas State Legislature districts
- School districts
- Voting precincts
- The allocation of more than $675 billion through 132 government programs, including those for early childhood education (Head Start), healthcare (Medicare), highway spending, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
- Calculating education, unemployment, crime, and poverty rates
- Data from the census also helps businesses make important location decisions
OUR UPCOMING CENSUS DAY IS APRIL 1, 2020.
What the census is not:
The census does not make your information public. Also, personal information provided for the census can never be used against respondents by any government agency or court. Title 13 of U.S. Code ensures the protection and confidentiality of your information.
The U.S. Census Bureau runs the census.
The U.S. Census Bureau has been headquartered in Suitland, Maryland since 1942, and currently employs about 4,285 staff members. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce. The U.S. Census Bureau is overseen by the Economics and Statistics Administration (ESA) within the Department of Commerce. The Economics and Statistics Administration provides high-quality economic analysis and fosters the missions of the U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Economic Analysis.